Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Marker Program

Polk County in the Civil War

 

City: Mena

County: Polk

Location: Mena and Sherwood Streets

Sponsor: Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission, Polk County Genealogical Society, Shirley Manning, Harold Coogan and David Dingler, SCV Polk County Invincibles #646, Ernest and Cortez Copher, and sons Todd and James, In memory of John W. Earp, Baker Springs Prisoner, Arkansas Historic Preservation Program

GEO Coordinates

UTM-X: 386666
UTM-Y: 3827521
UTM Zone: 15

Latitude: 34.583238
Longitude: -94.235727

Marker Text

Polk County in the Civil War

Polk County men served on both sides during the Civil War. Two companies of the 4th Arkansas Infantry – Co. I and Co. H, the Polk Invincibles – and Hart’s Battery served the Confederacy and at least 73 local men joined the Union army. One man in the 4th, Thomas Harmon, was expelled for deserting. He was hanged after returning to Polk County. Because of its nearness to Texas, both regular and irregular soldiers for both sides roamed and scouted in Polk County,

particularly after Union troops occupied Waldron in late 1863 and began operations.

(Continued on other side)

No. 130

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission

Polk County Genealogical Society

Shirley Manning, Harold Coogan and David Dingler

SCV Polk County Invincibles #646

Arkansas Historic Preservation Program

2015

Polk County in the Civil War

(Continued from other side.)

Several Union scouting expeditions traveled through Polk County during December 1863. A Federal detachment captured two men at Dallas on Dec. 6, 1863. Union troops fought Confederate guerrillas at Baker Springs on Jan. 24, 1864, killing 5, wounding 2 and taking 27 prisoners while losing 1 dead and 1 hurt. On May12, 1864, men of the 2nd Arkansas Infantry Regiment (U.S.) were Attacked by Confederate Choctaws, losing 1 man dead and 1 wounded in the skirmish. The Polk County Courthouse at Dallas with all of its records was burned in the war.

No. 130

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission

Polk County Genealogical Society

Ernest and Cortez Copher, and sons Todd and James

In memory of John W. Earp, Baker Springs Prisoner

Arkansas Historic Preservation Program

2015

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