Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Marker Program

Military Activity at Calico Rock/Bushwhackers

 

City: Calico Rock

County: Izard

Location: Highway 56 Across from Cumberland Presbyterian Church

Sponsor: Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission, Izard County Historical and Genealogical Society, Arkansas Historic Preservation Program

GEO Coordinates

UTM-X: 578091
UTM-Y: 3997887
UTM Zone: 15

Latitude: 36.122532
Longitude: -92.132176

Marker Text

Military Activity at Calico Rock

While no battles were fought at Calico Rock, the area saw considerable military activity. The 4th Missouri Cavalry (C.S.) and 1st Illinois Cavalry skirmished at Calico Rock Landing on May 26, 1862. Following a Nov. 16, 1863, fight near Salem, Confederate troops fell back to Calico Rock. Col. T.R. Freeman’s Confederates were based at Calico Rock in late 1863 and early 1864, operating against the 1st Nebraska Cavalry. Part of the 8th Missouri Militia Cavalry (U.S.) was posted at Calico Rock in 1864, and Freeman had returned by that December.

No. 140

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission

Izard County Historical and Genealogical Society

Arkansas Historic Preservation Program

2015

Bushwhackers

The civilians around Calico Rock were the victims of both soldiers who took their food and supplies and lawless bands of bushwhackers who raided the area. John Quincy Wolf’s memoirs recount a band that terrorized a region from the Buffalo River to Calico Rock and Sylamore. After one raid in which livestock and other property were stolen, Wolf’s father and other furloughed Confederate soldiers formed a posse and pursued them, catching them at Shipp’s

Ferry Landing. When the smoke cleared 11 bushwhackers, including the leader, were dead.

No. 140

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission

Izard County Historical and Genealogical Society

Arkansas Historic Preservation Program

2015

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