Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Marker Program

Elm Springs in the Civil War


City: Elm Springs

County: Washington

Location: Water Avenue off Highway 112

Sponsor: Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission, Historical Society of Elm Springs, Arkansas Historic Preservation Program

GEO Coordinates

UTM-X: 388939
UTM-Y: 4007551
UTM Zone: 15

Latitude: 36.206389
Longitude: -94.235445

Marker Text

Elm Springs in the Civil War

Newly recruited Confederate troops gathered at Elm Springs in 1861 for training. After driving Confederate troops from their winter quarters at Cross Hollows, U.S. pickets occupied the area. Confederates camped here on a bitter cold March 5, 1862, on their way to fight the Battle of Pea Ridge. Elm Springs was a Confederate mustering site for Arkansas and Missouri units in fall 1862. The gristmill at Elm Springs was destroyed during the war and a Union farm colony was established here in 1864. Skirmishes were fought here April 26 and July 30, 1863.

No. 134

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission

Historical Society of Elm Springs

Arkansas Historic Preservation Program


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