Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Marker Program

Confederate and Union Occupation of Fort Smith

 

City: Fort Smith

County: Sebastian

Location: South Side of Rogers Avenue between Fort Smith National Historic Site and Fort Smith Museum of History

Sponsor: ACWSC, Fort Smith NHS, Fort Smith Noon Exchange Club, Rotary Club of Fort Smith

GEO Coordinates

UTM-X: 370236
UTM-Y: 3917015
UTM Zone: 15

Latitude: 35.38805179
Longitude: -94.42877453

Marker Text

Confederate Occupation of Fort Smith
On April 23, 1861, the U.S. garrison at Fort Smith abandoned the post as Confederate militiamen approached. Fort Smith became an important recruiting and training center for Confederate forces in west Arkansas. Troops from Fort Smith fought at Wilsons Creek, Mo., in 1861, and participated in the battle of Pea Ridge March 7-8, 1862. Confederate Gen. Thomas C. Hindman led an army from Fort Smith to the bloody combat at Prairie Grove on Dec. 7, 1862. The post remained under Confederate control until Union forces took Fort Smith Sept. 1, 1863.
No. 15
Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission
Preserve America, National Park Service, Department of the Interior
Fort Smith National Historic Site
Fort Smith Noon Exchange Club
Rotary Club of Fort Smith
2011
Union Occupation of Fort Smith
On Sept. 1, 1863, U.S. troops under Gen. James Blunt seized Ft. Smith. It remained a Union post for the duration of the war. Fort Smith became a haven for white war refugees and former slaves, many of whom joined the Union army. Fort Smith troops fought in the 1864 Camden Expedition, but most local fighting focused on guerrilla units infesting the area. In the summer of 1864, Union troops withstood a series of Confederate attacks from the Indian Territory. Soldiers and civilians faced a supply shortage until peace came in 1865.
No. 15
Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission
Preserve America, National Park Service, Department of the Interior
Fort Smith National Historic Site
Fort Smith Noon Exchange Club
Rotary Club of Fort Smith
2011

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