Cane Hill Battlefield

Cane Hill Battlefield

Region: Ozarks

County: Washington

The Canehill Battlefield encompasses a roughly 12-mile track beginning in the town of Canehill and traversing the mountainous area south to the Cove Creek area. Much of the area is now used for farming and ranching and the overall terrain is similar to how it looked on November 28, 1862, when General James G. Blunt's Union troops pursued General John S. Marmaduke's stubborn Rebels through the rugged Boston Mountains toward Van Buren. There is some interpretation through historic markers in the town of Canehill.
Battlefield Tour Directions

From Prairie Grove, follow U.S. Highway 62 west a couple of miles to Arkansas Highway 45. Turn left (south) on Highway 45. Follow Highway 45 about three miles. Turn right on Lincoln-Cane Hill Road (County Road 13). Proceed about 1/8 of mile to Old Cane Hill Road (County Road 440) and turn left. The cemetery will be on your left.

Leaving the cemetery, proceed down County Road 440 to the intersection with College Road and turn right. This will take you to Cane Hill College. Leaving the college turn right (south) onto Hwy. 45. A short distance down the highwayt on the right is a small red brick house. This building was a hospital during the war and is the only building still standing that was standing during the war. A quarter of a mile or so farther south are the ruins of Kidd’s Mill. Confederate cavalry camped in the field across the creek (behind the mill) prior to the Battle of Cane Hill.

Continue south on 45 about another mile and a half to Clyde (at the time it was Newburg/Russellville) and take County Road 297 to the left and then an immediate right onto County Road 291 (Clyde Road). From Clyde to the foot of Reed’s Mountain (modern Skylight Mountain) Shelby used his trademark retreat by companies. Follow 297 about another mile and a half to County Road 156 and turn left (Greasy Valley Road). At Fly Creek Church you will come to a “Y”. Take the fork to the right and cross the bridge. This is Four Corners Road. You are now approaching the mound at the base of the mountain where Edwards commented that the sun shown down on Shelby like the Sun of Austerlitz. As you head up the mountain on the left side of the road you can see part of the original road with a rock wall beside it. A short distance further and you are at the first bench where the Confederates fell back to after the battle at the mound. From here to the crest of the mountain (where the four-way intersection is) not much happened. The Confederates made another stand at the crest and the fighting picked up.

Go straight thru the crossroads and down the mountain to the intersection with Cove Creek Road. The original road ran down the deep long chasm to the right as you are going down the mountain, hence the name “Chute Road” used in some officer reports. At the intersection with Cove Creek Road, Cove Creek Ranch sits directly in front of you. This was the original location of the John Morrow farm. The house has been relocated to PGBSP. The Confederate armies that fought at both Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove camped on this site.

Turn right onto Cove Creek Road and proceed about 1.5 miles. There will be a couple of north/south sitting chicken houses sitting across the creek. This is the area where Colonel Jewell was ambushed. Confederates were on the ledge overlooking the creek.

At the next opportunity turn around and head back the direction you came. You are heading north on Cove Creek Road, following the route the Confederates took to Prairie Grove. At the intersection with Hwy 156 turn left and follow it back to Prairie Grove.

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